The hill of Motte-Chatel was the site of Estavayer’s first castle, generally thought to date from the 11th century. With its sheer cliffs, this rocky outcrop offered an excellent strategic location for this castle, making it virtually unassailable. Today, a school occupies the same spot. The 25 metres which separate the upper and lower parts of the town are linked by a quaint and narrow set of 105 steps, known as the Escalier des Egralets. It is a much-loved shortcut among schoolchildren running late for class, as well as among visitors and locals enjoying a leisurely stroll.